During the First World War, the Municipality of Givenchy-en-Gohelle was located on the front line between German and Allied forces. Throughout much of the conflict, the village and surrounding area also experienced considerable underground fighting between German and British tunnelling units.
The Municipality’s landscape and structures sustained extensive damage during the First Battle of Arras, particularly the Canadian Corps’ attack on Vimy Ridge (April 9-12, 1917). On the day following the ridge’s capture, the British 95th Infantry Brigade secured possession of Givenchy-en-Gohelle. Today, the Canadian cemetery located near the village contains over 150 war fatalities spanning the war years, including 109 soldiers who perished during the Battle of Vimy Ridge.